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Test Code CPR C-Peptide, Serum

Reporting Name

C-Peptide, S

Useful For

Diagnostic workup of hypoglycemia:

-Diagnosis of factitious hypoglycemia due to surreptitious administration of insulin

-Evaluation of possible insulinoma

-Surrogate measure for the absence or presence of physiological suppressibility of endogenous insulin secretion during diagnostic insulin-induced hypoglycemia (C-peptide suppression test)

 

Assessing insulin secretory reserve in selected diabetic patients (as listed below) who either have insulin autoantibodies or who are receiving insulin therapy:

-Assessing residual endogenous insulin secretory reserve

-Monitoring pancreatic and islet cell transplant function

-Monitoring immunomodulatory therapy aimed at slowing progression of preclinical, or very early stage type 1 diabetes mellitus

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Patient Preparation:

1. Patient should fast for 8 hours.

2. For 12 hours before specimen collection do not take multivitamins or dietary supplements containing biotin (vitamin B7), which is commonly found in hair, skin, and nail supplements and multivitamins.

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Serum gel

Acceptable: Red top

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1 mL

Collection Instructions: Centrifuge and aliquot serum into plastic vial within 2 hours of collection


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.75 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Frozen (preferred) 30 days
  Refrigerated  7 days

Reference Values

1.1-4.4 ng/mL

Reference intervals have not been formally verified in-house for pediatric patients. The published literature indicates that reference intervals for adult and pediatric patients are comparable.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 5 a.m.-12 a.m.

Saturday; 6 a.m.-6 p.m.

Test Classification

This test has been cleared, approved or is exempt by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

84681

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
CPR C-Peptide, S 13037-7

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
CRPN C-Peptide, S 1986-9

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK
Autopsy specimen Reject

Method Name

Electrochemiluminescence Immunoassay (ECLIA)

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a General Request (T239) with the specimen.